Baur, Ferdinand Christian

Baur, Ferdinand Christian
German NT scholar and Church historian of Tübingen University. He denied the authenticity of many of the letters ascribed to Paul and maintained that a bitter struggle in the apostolic Church between Peter and Paul was concealed by the author of the Acts in the interests of reconciliation. The conflict was resolved in the form of Catholic Christianity in the 2nd cent., when the fourth gospel was compiled (150 CE). It was an interpretation resembling the dialectical philosophy of history developed by Hegel (of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis). The principal English antagonist of Baur's view was J. B. Lightfoot [[➝ Lightfoot, Joseph Barber]]. Today it is widely conceded that NT literature should be understood in terms of its diversity and that the differences within the early Church are of a piece with the contradictions and tensions of universal and ecclesiastical history—and to that extent Baur has some modern support.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Baur, Ferdinand Christian — (1792 1860)    founder of the historical critical method of biblical study    Ferdinand Christian Baur, who helped introduce historical critical methods into the study of Scripture, church history, and theology, was born at Schmiden, Germany, on… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Baur, Ferdinand Christian — (1792–1860)    Theologian.    Baur was born near Württemberg in Germany. For many years he taught at the University of Tübingen and he is regarded as the leader of the Tübingen school of Biblical criticism. Among his many books were Symbolik und… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Baur, Ferdinand Christian — ▪ German theologian born June 21, 1792, Schmiden, near Stuttgart, Württemberg [Germany] died Dec. 2, 1860, Tübingen  German theologian and scholar who initiated the Protestant Tübingen school of biblical criticism and who has been called the… …   Universalium

  • BAUR, FERDINAND CHRISTIAN —    head of the Tübingen school of rationalist divines, born near Stuttgart; distinguished by his scholarship and his labours in Biblical criticism and dogmatic theology; his dogmatic treatises were on the Christian Gnosis, the Atonement, the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BAUR, Ferdinand Christian — (1792 1860)    German theologian and founder of the Tübigen School. He was a disciple of SCHLEIERMACHER and greatly influenced by HEGEL S PHILOSOPHY of HISTORY. He caused great controversy by suggesting there was an essential conflict between the …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Ferdinand Christian Baur — Baur Ferdinand Christian Baur (* 21. Juni 1792 in Schmiden bei Fellbach; † 2. Dezember 1860 in Tübingen) war ein evangelischer Kirchen und Dogmenhistoriker. Er führte die historisch kritische Methode in die neutestamentliche Forschung ein und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand-Christian Baur — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Baur. Ferdinand Christian Baur. Ferdinand Christian Baur (21 juin 1792, 2& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand Christian Baur — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferdinand Christian Baur fue un teólogo alemán, líder de la escuela exegética de Tubinga, nacido en Schmiden el 21 de junio de 1792 y fallecido en Tubinga el 2 de diciembre de 1860. Estudiante del Seminario de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ferdinand Christian Baur — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Baur. Ferdinand Christian Baur. Ferdinand Christian Baur (né le 21 juin 1792 à Schmiden, près de Fellbach, dans le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand Christian Baur — (June 21, 1792 December 2, 1860), was a German theologian and leader of the Tübingen school of theology (named for University of Tübingen). Following Hegel s theory of dialectic, Baur argued that 2nd century Christianity represented the synthesis …   Wikipedia